Associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns in European children: the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study

Isabel Iguacel, Juan M. Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Bart De Clercq, Gabriele Eiben, Wencke Gwozdz, Dénes Molnar, Valeria Pala, Stalo Papoutsou, Paola Russo, Toomas Veidebaum, Maike Wolters, Claudia Börnhorst, Luis A. Moreno, On Behalf Of The Idefics Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Socio-economic inequalities in childhood can determine dietary patterns, and therefore future health. This study aimed to explore associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns assessed at two time points, and to investigate the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and dietary patterns. A total of 9301 children aged 2–9 years participated at baseline and 2-year follow-up examinations of the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS study. In all, three dietary patterns were identified at baseline and follow-up by applying the K-means clustering algorithm based on a higher frequency of consumption of snacks and fast food (processed), sweet foods and drinks (sweet), and fruits and vegetables (healthy). Vulnerable groups were defined at baseline as follows: children whose parents lacked a social network, children from single-parent families, children of migrant origin and children with unemployed parents. Multinomial mixed models were used to assess the associations between social vulnerabilities and children’s dietary patterns at baseline and follow-up. Children whose parents lacked a social network (OR 1·31; 99 % CI 1·01, 1·70) and migrants (OR 1·45; 99 % CI 1·15, 1·83) were more likely to be in the processed cluster at baseline and follow-up. Children whose parents were homemakers (OR 0·74; 99 % CI 0·60, 0·92) were less likely to be in the processed cluster at baseline. A higher number of vulnerabilities was associated with a higher probability of children being in the processed cluster (OR 1·78; 99 % CI 1·21, 2·62). Therefore, special attention should be paid to children of vulnerable groups as they present unhealthier dietary patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sep 26 2016

Fingerprint

Life Style
Health
Parents
Social Support
Single-Parent Family
Fast Foods
Snacks
Vegetables
Cluster Analysis
Fruit
Economics
Food

Keywords

  • Children
  • Dietary patterns
  • Inequalities
  • Socio-economic status
  • Vulnerable groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns in European children : the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study. / Iguacel, Isabel; Fernández-Alvira, Juan M.; Bammann, Karin; De Clercq, Bart; Eiben, Gabriele; Gwozdz, Wencke; Molnar, Dénes; Pala, Valeria; Papoutsou, Stalo; Russo, Paola; Veidebaum, Toomas; Wolters, Maike; Börnhorst, Claudia; Moreno, Luis A.; On Behalf Of The Idefics Consortium.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, 26.09.2016, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iguacel, I, Fernández-Alvira, JM, Bammann, K, De Clercq, B, Eiben, G, Gwozdz, W, Molnar, D, Pala, V, Papoutsou, S, Russo, P, Veidebaum, T, Wolters, M, Börnhorst, C, Moreno, LA & On Behalf Of The Idefics Consortium 2016, 'Associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns in European children: the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study', British Journal of Nutrition, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516003330
Iguacel, Isabel ; Fernández-Alvira, Juan M. ; Bammann, Karin ; De Clercq, Bart ; Eiben, Gabriele ; Gwozdz, Wencke ; Molnar, Dénes ; Pala, Valeria ; Papoutsou, Stalo ; Russo, Paola ; Veidebaum, Toomas ; Wolters, Maike ; Börnhorst, Claudia ; Moreno, Luis A. ; On Behalf Of The Idefics Consortium. / Associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns in European children : the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study. In: British Journal of Nutrition. 2016 ; pp. 1-10.
@article{5e26c966f3224803a672b6976c915e54,
title = "Associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns in European children: the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study",
abstract = "Socio-economic inequalities in childhood can determine dietary patterns, and therefore future health. This study aimed to explore associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns assessed at two time points, and to investigate the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and dietary patterns. A total of 9301 children aged 2–9 years participated at baseline and 2-year follow-up examinations of the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS study. In all, three dietary patterns were identified at baseline and follow-up by applying the K-means clustering algorithm based on a higher frequency of consumption of snacks and fast food (processed), sweet foods and drinks (sweet), and fruits and vegetables (healthy). Vulnerable groups were defined at baseline as follows: children whose parents lacked a social network, children from single-parent families, children of migrant origin and children with unemployed parents. Multinomial mixed models were used to assess the associations between social vulnerabilities and children’s dietary patterns at baseline and follow-up. Children whose parents lacked a social network (OR 1·31; 99 {\%} CI 1·01, 1·70) and migrants (OR 1·45; 99 {\%} CI 1·15, 1·83) were more likely to be in the processed cluster at baseline and follow-up. Children whose parents were homemakers (OR 0·74; 99 {\%} CI 0·60, 0·92) were less likely to be in the processed cluster at baseline. A higher number of vulnerabilities was associated with a higher probability of children being in the processed cluster (OR 1·78; 99 {\%} CI 1·21, 2·62). Therefore, special attention should be paid to children of vulnerable groups as they present unhealthier dietary patterns.",
keywords = "Children, Dietary patterns, Inequalities, Socio-economic status, Vulnerable groups",
author = "Isabel Iguacel and Fern{\'a}ndez-Alvira, {Juan M.} and Karin Bammann and {De Clercq}, Bart and Gabriele Eiben and Wencke Gwozdz and D{\'e}nes Molnar and Valeria Pala and Stalo Papoutsou and Paola Russo and Toomas Veidebaum and Maike Wolters and Claudia B{\"o}rnhorst and Moreno, {Luis A.} and {On Behalf Of The Idefics Consortium}",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1017/S0007114516003330",
language = "English",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns in European children

T2 - the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study

AU - Iguacel, Isabel

AU - Fernández-Alvira, Juan M.

AU - Bammann, Karin

AU - De Clercq, Bart

AU - Eiben, Gabriele

AU - Gwozdz, Wencke

AU - Molnar, Dénes

AU - Pala, Valeria

AU - Papoutsou, Stalo

AU - Russo, Paola

AU - Veidebaum, Toomas

AU - Wolters, Maike

AU - Börnhorst, Claudia

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

AU - On Behalf Of The Idefics Consortium

PY - 2016/9/26

Y1 - 2016/9/26

N2 - Socio-economic inequalities in childhood can determine dietary patterns, and therefore future health. This study aimed to explore associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns assessed at two time points, and to investigate the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and dietary patterns. A total of 9301 children aged 2–9 years participated at baseline and 2-year follow-up examinations of the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS study. In all, three dietary patterns were identified at baseline and follow-up by applying the K-means clustering algorithm based on a higher frequency of consumption of snacks and fast food (processed), sweet foods and drinks (sweet), and fruits and vegetables (healthy). Vulnerable groups were defined at baseline as follows: children whose parents lacked a social network, children from single-parent families, children of migrant origin and children with unemployed parents. Multinomial mixed models were used to assess the associations between social vulnerabilities and children’s dietary patterns at baseline and follow-up. Children whose parents lacked a social network (OR 1·31; 99 % CI 1·01, 1·70) and migrants (OR 1·45; 99 % CI 1·15, 1·83) were more likely to be in the processed cluster at baseline and follow-up. Children whose parents were homemakers (OR 0·74; 99 % CI 0·60, 0·92) were less likely to be in the processed cluster at baseline. A higher number of vulnerabilities was associated with a higher probability of children being in the processed cluster (OR 1·78; 99 % CI 1·21, 2·62). Therefore, special attention should be paid to children of vulnerable groups as they present unhealthier dietary patterns.

AB - Socio-economic inequalities in childhood can determine dietary patterns, and therefore future health. This study aimed to explore associations between social vulnerabilities and dietary patterns assessed at two time points, and to investigate the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and dietary patterns. A total of 9301 children aged 2–9 years participated at baseline and 2-year follow-up examinations of the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS study. In all, three dietary patterns were identified at baseline and follow-up by applying the K-means clustering algorithm based on a higher frequency of consumption of snacks and fast food (processed), sweet foods and drinks (sweet), and fruits and vegetables (healthy). Vulnerable groups were defined at baseline as follows: children whose parents lacked a social network, children from single-parent families, children of migrant origin and children with unemployed parents. Multinomial mixed models were used to assess the associations between social vulnerabilities and children’s dietary patterns at baseline and follow-up. Children whose parents lacked a social network (OR 1·31; 99 % CI 1·01, 1·70) and migrants (OR 1·45; 99 % CI 1·15, 1·83) were more likely to be in the processed cluster at baseline and follow-up. Children whose parents were homemakers (OR 0·74; 99 % CI 0·60, 0·92) were less likely to be in the processed cluster at baseline. A higher number of vulnerabilities was associated with a higher probability of children being in the processed cluster (OR 1·78; 99 % CI 1·21, 2·62). Therefore, special attention should be paid to children of vulnerable groups as they present unhealthier dietary patterns.

KW - Children

KW - Dietary patterns

KW - Inequalities

KW - Socio-economic status

KW - Vulnerable groups

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84988737023&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84988737023&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0007114516003330

DO - 10.1017/S0007114516003330

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84988737023

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

JF - British Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

ER -