Asthma and gender: The female lung

F. S. Pignataro, M. Bonini, Alessandra Forgione, S. Melandri, O. S. Usmani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Asthma is a common chronic disease that affects over 300 million people worldwide, resulting in a considerable socio-economic burden. Literature data suggest that asthma has a higher incidence in females, particularly at certain stages of pubertal development. Moreover, women seem to experience more asthma symptoms than men and to use more rescue medications, resulting in a reduced quality of life. Although several mechanisms have been proposed to explain these differences, there are not yet final data available in the literature on the role of gender in the pathogenesis of asthma and different behavior in females. Some study suggested a more prevalent hyper-responsiveness in women than in men. Nevertheless, in the literature definitive data on a possible different response to drugs used for asthma between males and females are not described. Understanding the mechanisms that underlie these gender differences in clinical history of asthma patients could give inspiration to new areas of research to obtain a more specific diagnostic and therapeutic approach gender-oriented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-390
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacological Research
Volume119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Bronchial responsiveness
  • Gender
  • Methacoline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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    Pignataro, F. S., Bonini, M., Forgione, A., Melandri, S., & Usmani, O. S. (2017). Asthma and gender: The female lung. Pharmacological Research, 119, 384-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2017.02.017