Primary lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) deficiency is an X-linked disease, characterized by the clinical triad of cardiomyopathy, vacuolar myopathy and mental retardation, previously known as Danon disease. Mutations of lamp-2 gene have been reported so far in about 20 patients, one of whom was Italian. We describe a new Italian case with persistent hyperCKemia, exercise intolerance and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy but with no muscle weakness or mental impairment. Muscle biopsy revealed a vacuolar myopathy with mild glycogen storage, and immunohistochemical studies detected LAMP-2 deficiency. A new nucleotide substitution (T961C) on exon 8 of lamp-2 gene was identified as responsible for the protein deficiency. This is the first missense mutation so far described. LAMP-2 deficiency should be considered as a cause of recurrent hyperCKemia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
- LAMP-2 deficiency
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience