Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis and Muir- Torre syndrome linked to compound biallelic constitutional MYH gene mutations

G. Ponti, M. Ponz de Leon, S. Maffei, M. Pedroni, L. Losi, C. Di Gregorio, V. Gismondi, A. Scarselli, P. Benatti, B. Roncari, S. Seidenari, G. Pellacani, C. Varotti, E. Prete, L. Varesco, Luca Roncucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Peculiar dermatologic manifestations are present in several heritable gastrointestinal disorders. Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a genodermatosis whose peculiar feature is the presence of sebaceous gland tumors associated with visceral malignancies. We describe one patient in whom multiple sebaceous gland tumors were associated with early onset colon and thyroid cancers and attenuated polyposis coli. Her family history was positive for colonic adenomas. She had a daughter presenting with yellow papules in the forehead region developed in the late infancy. Skin and visceral neoplasms were tested for microsatellite instability and immunohistochemical status of mismatch repair (MMR), APC and MYH proteins. The proband colon and skin tumors were microsatellite stable and showed normal expression of MMR proteins. Cytoplasmic expression of MYH protein was revealed in colonic cancer cells. Compound heterozygosity due to biallelic mutations in MYH, R168H and 379delC, was identified in the proband. The 11-year-old daughter was carrier of the monoallelic constitutional mutation 379delC in the MYH gene; in the sister, the R168H MYH gene mutation was detected. This report presents an interesting case of association between MYH-associated polyposis and sebaceous gland tumors. These findings suggest that patients with MTS phenotype that include colonic polyposis should be screened for MYH gene mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-447
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume68
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • APC gene
  • Colon cancer
  • Familial polyposis
  • Microsatellite instability
  • Mismatch repair
  • Muir-Torre syndrome
  • MYH gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

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