ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) partial tears include various types of lesions, and an high rate of these lesions evolve into complete tears. Most of the techniques described in literature for the surgical treatment of chronic partial ACL tears, don't spare the intact portion of the ligament. Aim of this study was to perform a prospective analysis of the results obtained by augmentation surgery using gracilis and semitendinosus tendons to treat partial sub-acute lesions of the ACL. This technique requires an "over the top" femoral passage, which enables salvage and strengthening of the intact bundle of ACL. The study included 89 patients treated consecutively at our Institute from 1993 to 2003 with a mean injury-surgery interval of 21 weeks (12-39). Patients were followed up by clinical and instrumental assessment criteria at 3 months, 1 year and 5 years after surgery. Clinical assessment was performed with the IKDC form. Subjective and functional parameters were assessed by the Tegner activity scale. Instrumental evaluation was done using the KT-2000 instrument: the 30 pound passive test and the manual maximum displacement test were performed. We obtained good to excellent results in 96.6% of cases. We didn't observed recurrences in ligamentous laxity. We believe that the described technique has the advantage of being little invasive, compatible with the ACL anatomy, and enables very rapid functional recovery and return to sport.
|Title of host publication||Arthroscopy: Types, Procedures and Risks|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
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