Augmentative and Alternative Communication Effects on Quality of Life in Patients with Locked-in Syndrome and Their Caregivers

Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Carmela Rifici, Patrizia Pollicino, Cettina Allone, Rosanna Palmeri, Antonino Todaro, Antonella Alagna, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the augmentative and alternative communication system on anxiety and depression performances and the quality of life (QoL) of patients who have the locked-in syndrome (LIS) and that of their caregivers.

METHOD: We enrolled 15 patients and their principal caregivers. The assessment consisted of the administration of the employed Short Form-36 Questionnaire for the assessment of QoL, the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) for anxiety, and the Beck Depression Inventory for depression.

RESULTS: We compared the clinical test at baseline (T0) and after 3 months (T1) for each group (patients and caregivers). In the patients group, we observed a significant difference in all clinical test scores. In the caregivers group, we observed a significant difference for HAM-A (P = .003), vitality (P < .001), social activity (P < .001), social role functioning (P < .001), and emotional role functioning (P < .001) and no significant differences for other clinical scores.

CONCLUSION: The possibility of being able to communicate allows patients with the LIS to recuperate a affective contact with their caregivers, improving global family atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1929-1933
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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