The efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been poorly investigated in the acute and maintenance treatment of bipolar depression. The present case supports the efficacy of low-frequency repetitive TMS (rTMS) of the right dorsolateral pre-frontal cortex (RDLPFC) combined to brain navigation in a drug-resistant, bipolar depressed subject with rapid cycling. While continuing the pharmacological treatment at stable doses, the patient was stimulated for 3 weeks at 1 Hz, 110% of motor threshold, 300 stimuli/day showing a significant improvement on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS21), the MontgomeryAsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the Clinical Global Impression, improvement scale (CGI-I) total scores. On completion of the 3-week rTMS, the patient was treated with periodic maintenance sessions of rTMS at the same parameters of acute phase for an additional 6 months, at the end of which the therapeutic gains were maintained according to rating scales scores. Larger controlled trials assessing the acute and maintenance efficacy of rTMS in bipolar depression are needed.
- Bipolar depression
- Brain navigation
- Right dorsolateral pre-frontal cortex (RDLPFC)
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry