Autism according to diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5 th edition: The need for further improvements

Annio Posar, Federica Resca, Paola Visconti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The fifth edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5) introduced significant changes in the classification of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), including the abolition of the diagnostic subcategories proposed by DSM-IV-Text Revision. DSM-5 describes three levels of increasing severity of ASD. The authors report two explanatory cases with ASD (verbal boys, aged about 7 and a half years, without intellectual disability). According to DSM-5, both cases fall into the lowest severity level of ASD. However, their neuropsychological and neurobehavioral profile varies significantly. While the first boy showed a prevalent impairment of visuoconstructional and visuoperceptual abilities, the second one presented a predominant involvement of verbal functions, with qualitative impairments in communication. A further step forward in the definition and classification of ASD, taking into account both intensity and quality of symptoms, is recommended in order to formulate a reliable prognosis, plan an individualized treatment and monitor the clinical course over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-148
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Autism
  • autism spectrum disorders
  • diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5 <sup>th</sup> edition
  • diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-IV-Text Revision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neuroscience(all)

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