Autoantibody profile and clinical patterns in 619 Italian patients with cutaneous lupus erythematosus

A Verdelli, A Coi, A V Marzano, E Antiga, E Cozzani, P Quaglino, M La Placa, M Benucci, C De Simone, M Papini, A Parodi, F Bianchi, M Caproni

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BACKGROUND: Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-extractable nuclear antigens (ENA) and anti-dsDNA antibodies are often associated with cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE), with variable frequency depending on skin subtype. However, specific data based on large case-series on the pathogenetic, diagnostic and prognostic meaning of such autoantibodies are still lacking.

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the correlations between CLE subtypes as well as LE-non-specific skin lesions and their autoantibody pattern.

METHODS: Epidemiological, clinical and immunopathological data of 619 Italian patients with CLE and LE-non-specific skin lesions were analysed. Differences in age, sex, clinical features and autoantibody profile were evaluated in each LE subgroup.

RESULTS: Anti-nuclear antibodies (P < 0.0001), anti-dsDNA (P < 0.0001), ENA (P = 0.001), anti-Sm (P = 0.001), anti-RNP (P = 0.004) and anti-histone (P = 0.005) antibodies were associated with SLE. A strong association between ANA (P < 0.0001) and anti-dsDNA (P < 0.0001) and female gender was also found: positive ANA and positive anti-dsDNA had a higher prevalence among females. Chronic CLE resulted to be negatively associated with ENA (OR = 0.51, P < 0.0001), anti-Ro/SSA (OR = 0.49, P < 0.0001) and anti-dsDNA (OR = 0.37, P < 0.0001). Intermittent CLE resulted to be negatively associated with ENA (OR = 0.50, P = 0.007) and ANA (OR = 0.61, P = 0.025). Subacute CLE resulted to be associated with ENA (OR = 5.19, P < 0.0001), anti-Ro/SSA (OR = 3.83, P < 0.0001), anti-Smith (OR = 2.95, P = 0.004) and anti-RNP (OR = 3.18, P = 0.007). Acute CLE resulted to be strongly associated with anti-dsDNA (OR = 6.0, P < 0.0001) and ANA (OR = 18.1, P < 0.0001). LE-non-specific skin lesions resulted to be significantly associated with systemic involvement. Livedo reticularis was significantly associated with ENA (P = 0.007) and anti-Ro/SSA (P = 0.036). Palpable purpura and periungual telangiectasia were significantly associated with ANA.

CONCLUSION: According to our findings, some well-known associations between CLE subtypes and autoantibody profile were confirmed; moreover, specific association between autoantibodies and LE-non-specific skin lesions was highlighted. A strict association between anti-ENA and anti-Ro/SSA antibodies and livedo reticularis, ANA and palpable purpura, and ANA and periungual telangiectasia was evidenced.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 20 2018


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