Autoinflammatory diseases as a cause of acute abdominal pain in the emergency department

Giovanni Maconi, Laura Obici, Stefania Carmagnola, Stefano Guzzetti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) usually present with acute abdominal pain and fever, both of which are also the main causes of referral in the emergency department. As some patients with acute abdominal pain may be discharged from the emergency department without a definitive diagnosis, it is not surprising that, due to their rarity, most cases of AID remain undiagnosed or are misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis. Indeed, the diagnosis of familial Mediterranean fever and autoinflammatory syndromes requires a high index of suspicion and careful assessment of clinical history. Age of onset and clinical features, in particular the self-limiting acute attacks, together with prodromal symptoms and trigger factors, are useful to suspect these dis- orders. In addition, discrepancies in laboratory tests that show an increase in acute phase reactants as well as diagnostic imaging, which usually fails to show specific abdominal disorders, may help in the identification of patients who require genetic testing to confirm a diagnosis of AID.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Volume36
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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