We investigated the feasibility of a programme of autologous blood stem cell (ABSC) harvesting and transplantation in 13 patients with advanced ovarian cancer, previously untreated by chemotherapy or radiotherapy and entering a phase II study of high-dose cisplatin, etoposide and carboplatin with haematopoietic stem cell rescue. Prior to high-dose treatment all patients underwent two courses of cisplatin and cyclophosphamide. An 8-fold increase of the peripheral colony forming unit granulocytic-macrophage (CFU-GM) was observed during recovery from myelosuppression after the first chemotherapy course. The second course determined a 2.5-fold increase of peripheral CFU-GM. In 70% of enrolled patients (nine patients) we were able to perform ABSC harvesting by leukaphereses; in the apheresed patients we harvested an average of 20.8 x 104/kg CFU-GM (range 10.9-37.0). Haematopoietic trilineage engraftment, established as the number of days necessary to reach white blood cells (WBC) > 1.0 x 109/l, polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) > 0.5 x 109/l and platelets (PLT) > 50 x 109/l, occurred very promptly and was sustained in the same series after high-dose cisplatin, carboplatin and etoposide, followed by autologous blood stem cell transplantation (ABSCT). In our experience we found a significant correlation (r = 0.77; P <0.05) between CFU-GM infused dose and the engraftment speed of PMN. We conclude that the combination of cisplatin and cyclophosphamide is effective in mobilizing haematopoietic progenitors in the peripheral blood of patients with advanced ovarian cancer, previously untreated by chemoradiotherapy. Moreover, ABSCT is capable of rapidly restoring the haematopoietic function after high-dose treatment and for this reason it represents a particularly advisable therapeutic option for the treatment of solid tumours because these patients are commonly older than 50 and can be excluded from bone marrow transplantation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
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