From January 1984 to December 1994, ABMT was performed on 154 children (101 males, 53 females; median age 10, range 3-21 years) with ALL and registered for BMT by the AIEOP (Italian Association of Paediatric Haemato-Oncology). All patients were in CR: 98 were in 2nd CR and 56 were in > 2nd CR. Fifteen children (9.7%) died of transplant-related mortality. Ninety-five patients (61.6%) relapsed at a median of 5 (range 1-42) months after ABMT. The 8-year EFS according to preBMT status was 34.6% (s.e. 4.9) for 2nd CR patients and 10.6% (s.e. 5.6) for patients in > 2nd CR. By univariate analysis, site of relapse (isolated extramedullary (IE) vs BM: EFS = 68.5% vs 18.2%; P <0.0001) and TBI containing regimen (TBI vs no TBI: EFS = 48.1 vs 15.4%; P = 0.0023) were significant factors for 2nd CR patients. When the 2nd CR subset with BM involvement was analysed, TBI became insignificant (EFS = 25.4 vs 11.8%). No factors influenced EFS in patients in > 2nd CR. By multivariate analysis, site of relapse was the only significant factor in 2nd CR patients (P <0.0001). In conclusion, ABMT is an effective treatment after one early IE relapse. Few patients can be rescued after BM relapse.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Bone Marrow Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - May 2 1998|
- BM relapse
- Childhood ALL
- Isolated extramedullary relapse
ASJC Scopus subject areas