Thirty-nine patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR) were treated by autologous bone marrow transplantation. All patients received the same induction and consolidation chemotherapy consisting of a combination of daunorubicin (DNR) and cytarabine (Ara-C) followed by four courses of DNR, Ara-C and 6-thioguanine (6-TG). Two different conditioning regimens were used; 25 patients were submitted to the BAVC regimen (BCNU, amsacrine, VP-16 (etoposide) and Ara-C) and 14 to a cyclophosphamide/total body irradiation (CY + TBI) regimen. Six patients (one treated with BAVC and five treated with CY + TBI) died in aplasia. Twelve of the 25 BAVC treated patients and one of the nine CY + TBI treated patients relapsed; 12 (48%) of the BAVC treated patients are in CR with a median follow-up of 45 months and eight (57%) of the CY + TBI treated patients are in CR with a median follow-up of 50 months. All patients in CR have survived for more than 2 years since transplant.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Bone Marrow Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
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