Autologous platelet concentrates for bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw treatment and prevention. A systematic review of the literature

Massimo Del Fabbro, Giorgia Gallesio, Marco Mozzati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose Bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is an adverse drug reaction consisting of progressive bone destruction in the maxillofacial region of patients under current or previous treatment with a bisphosphonate. Autologous platelet concentrates (APC) demonstrated to enhance bone and soft tissue healing in oral surgery procedures. The present systematic review aimed at evaluating if APC may improve treatment and prevention of BRONJ in patients under bisphosphonate therapy. Methods MEDLINE, Scopus and Cochrane databases were searched using terms like bisphosphonates, osteonecrosis, BRONJ, platelet concentrate, PRP, PRF, PRGF. No language, publication date and study design limitation was set. A hand search of the bibliographies of identified articles was also performed. The primary outcome was recurrence/onset of BRONJ after oral surgery procedures. Results Eighteen studies were included, reporting on 362 patients undergoing oral surgery in combination with APC. The adjunct of APC in BRONJ treatment significantly reduced osteonecrosis recurrence with respect to control. APC was associated with a lower BRONJ incidence after tooth extraction, though not significant. Heterogeneity was found regarding bisphosphonate type, clinical indication, treatment duration, triggering factors, study design, follow-up duration, type of APC, outcomes adopted to evaluate treatment success. Conclusion Though the results of this review must be cautiously interpreted, due to the low evidence level of the studies included, and the limited sample size, they are suggestive of possible benefits of APC when associated with surgical procedures for treatment or prevention of BRONJ. To confirm such indication, prospective comparative studies with a large sample size are urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-74
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Bisphosphonates
  • BRONJ
  • Oral surgery
  • Platelet concentrates
  • PRGF
  • PRP
  • Tooth extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Autologous platelet concentrates for bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw treatment and prevention. A systematic review of the literature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this