Automated double-cone-beam CT fusion technique. Enhanced evaluation of glue distribution in cases of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) embolisation

Giuseppe Faragò, V. Caldiera, C. Antozzi, A. Bellino, A. Innocenti, E. Ciceri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) are acquired diseases that represent the majority of all arteriovenous spinal shunts, leading to progressive and disabling myelopathy. Treatment is focused on accurately disconnecting the fistula point. We present our experience with the double-cone-beam CT fusion technique successfully applied to evaluate treatment results in a series of SDAVFs. Methods: Between November 2011 and December 2015 we performed double-DynaCT acquisition (pre- and post-embolisation) in 12 cases of SDAVF. Results: A successful DynaCT fusion technique was only achieved in the group of patients with pre- and post-treatment images acquired at the same time as the treatment session, under general anaesthesia (4/12). DynaCT performed on different days proved to be inadequate for the automated fusion technique because of changes in the body position (8/12). Conclusions: A pre-treatment flat-panel cone-beam CT with contrast, at the time of diagnostic angiography, can be very helpful to detect the correct level of the fistula and the relationship between the fistula and the surrounding structures. In case of the endovascular approach, additional post-treatment native acquisition merged with the pre-treatment acquisition (double-cone-beam CT fusion technique) permits to immediately evaluate the distribution of the glue cast and to confirm the success of the procedure. Key Points: • SDAVF treatment must be aimed to occlude the fistula point shunt.• Native post-operative cone-beam CT permits high-spatial-resolution imaging of the embolic cast.• The automated double-cone-beam CT fusion technique (pre/post) accurately demonstrates intravascular glue distribution after embolisation.• Patient movements should be avoided to obtain good technical results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Radiology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Aug 26 2016


  • 3D imaging
  • Cone-beam computed tomography
  • Endovascular procedures
  • Spinal cord vascular disease
  • Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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