Purpose: To develop an automated treatment planning approach for whole breast irradiation with simultaneous integrated boost using an automated hybrid VMAT class solution (HVMAT). Materials and methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients with left breast cancer received 50 Gy (2 Gy/fraction) to the whole breast and an additional simultaneous 10 Gy (2.4 Gy/fraction) to the tumor cavity. Ipsilateral lung, heart, and contralateral breast were contoured as main organs-at-risk. HVMAT plans were inversely optimized by combining two open fields with a VMAT semi-arc beam. Open fields were setup to include the whole breast with a 2 cm flash region and to carry 80% of beams weight. HVMAT plans were compared with three tangential techniques: conventional wedged-field tangential plans (SWF), field-in-field forward planned tangential plans (FiF), and hybrid-IMRT plans (HMRT). Dosimetric differences among the plans were evaluated using Kruskal–Wallis one-way analysis of variance. Dose accuracy was validated using the PTW Octavius-4D phantom together with the 1500 2D-array. Results: No significant differences were found among the four techniques for both targets coverage. HVMAT plans showed consistently better PTVs dose contrast, conformity, and homogeneity (p < 0.001 for all metrics) and statistically significant reduction of high-dose breast irradiation. V55 and V60 decreased by 30.4, 26.1, and 20.8% (p < 0.05) and 12.3, 9.9, and 6.0% (p < 0.05) for SWF, FIF, and HMRT, respectively. Pretreatment dose verification reported a gamma pass-rate greater than the acceptance threshold of 95% for all HVMAT plans. In addition, HVMAT reduced the time for full planning optimization to about 20 min. Conclusions: HVMAT plans resulted in superior target dose conformity and homogeneity compared to other tangential techniques. Due to fast planning time HVMAT can be applied for all patients, minimizing the impact on human or departmental resources.
- Simultaneously integrated boost
- Volumetric modulated arc therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging