Automated online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography mass spectrometric analysis of dithianon in water

Alice Passoni, Marco Vighi, Enrico Davoli, Roberto Fanelli, Renzo Bagnati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An automated online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (SPE-LC/MS) method was developed for the quantification of dithianon in surface water samples, using warfarin as internal standard. The method was developed on a liquid chromatography (LC) system with Flexible Cube interfaced to a quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometer. A small volume of acidified water (1 mL) was spiked with internal standard, pre-concentrated online on polymeric cartridges and analyzed by full-scan MS in high-resolution conditions. The quantitative data were obtained by [M]-• of dithianon and [M - H]- of warfarin, used as internal standard. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column with a gradient mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0.05% acetic acid. The method was validated to measure concentrations of dithianon in the range of 0.010-4 μg L-1 in surface water samples. Twenty real water samples, collected from Torrente Novella, Val di Non (TN, Northern Italy), during fungicide treatments of large apple orchards, were analyzed. All samples were kept in glass bottles and stored in the lab at -20°C until analysis. It was found that in all samples dithianon was undetectable: if it is present, its concentration was lower than the limit of detection (LOD) (0.008 μg L-1). To investigate the stability of dithianon, a series of water samples were spiked at different concentrations and analyzed after different storage conditions. Results suggested that dithianon is not stable in water stored at -20°C at neutral or basic pH, but the addition of acetic acid to pH = 3.5 increases its stability to at least two weeks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-267
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 23 2016

Fingerprint

Solid Phase Extraction
Liquid chromatography
liquid chromatography
Liquid Chromatography
solid phases
Water
water
Warfarin
Surface waters
Acetic Acid
surface water
acetic acid
Glass bottles
Orchards
Fungicides
orchards
fungicides
cartridges
Mass spectrometers
bottles

Keywords

  • Dithianon
  • LC/MS
  • Online SPE
  • Q-TOF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

@article{93e690dc08514e8fb4a98f8f30bb4434,
title = "Automated online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography mass spectrometric analysis of dithianon in water",
abstract = "An automated online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (SPE-LC/MS) method was developed for the quantification of dithianon in surface water samples, using warfarin as internal standard. The method was developed on a liquid chromatography (LC) system with Flexible Cube interfaced to a quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometer. A small volume of acidified water (1 mL) was spiked with internal standard, pre-concentrated online on polymeric cartridges and analyzed by full-scan MS in high-resolution conditions. The quantitative data were obtained by [M]-• of dithianon and [M - H]- of warfarin, used as internal standard. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column with a gradient mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0.05{\%} acetic acid. The method was validated to measure concentrations of dithianon in the range of 0.010-4 μg L-1 in surface water samples. Twenty real water samples, collected from Torrente Novella, Val di Non (TN, Northern Italy), during fungicide treatments of large apple orchards, were analyzed. All samples were kept in glass bottles and stored in the lab at -20°C until analysis. It was found that in all samples dithianon was undetectable: if it is present, its concentration was lower than the limit of detection (LOD) (0.008 μg L-1). To investigate the stability of dithianon, a series of water samples were spiked at different concentrations and analyzed after different storage conditions. Results suggested that dithianon is not stable in water stored at -20°C at neutral or basic pH, but the addition of acetic acid to pH = 3.5 increases its stability to at least two weeks.",
keywords = "Dithianon, LC/MS, Online SPE, Q-TOF",
author = "Alice Passoni and Marco Vighi and Enrico Davoli and Roberto Fanelli and Renzo Bagnati",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1255/ejms.1447",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "261--267",
journal = "European Journal of Mass Spectrometry",
issn = "1469-0667",
publisher = "I M Publications",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Automated online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography mass spectrometric analysis of dithianon in water

AU - Passoni, Alice

AU - Vighi, Marco

AU - Davoli, Enrico

AU - Fanelli, Roberto

AU - Bagnati, Renzo

PY - 2016/11/23

Y1 - 2016/11/23

N2 - An automated online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (SPE-LC/MS) method was developed for the quantification of dithianon in surface water samples, using warfarin as internal standard. The method was developed on a liquid chromatography (LC) system with Flexible Cube interfaced to a quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometer. A small volume of acidified water (1 mL) was spiked with internal standard, pre-concentrated online on polymeric cartridges and analyzed by full-scan MS in high-resolution conditions. The quantitative data were obtained by [M]-• of dithianon and [M - H]- of warfarin, used as internal standard. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column with a gradient mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0.05% acetic acid. The method was validated to measure concentrations of dithianon in the range of 0.010-4 μg L-1 in surface water samples. Twenty real water samples, collected from Torrente Novella, Val di Non (TN, Northern Italy), during fungicide treatments of large apple orchards, were analyzed. All samples were kept in glass bottles and stored in the lab at -20°C until analysis. It was found that in all samples dithianon was undetectable: if it is present, its concentration was lower than the limit of detection (LOD) (0.008 μg L-1). To investigate the stability of dithianon, a series of water samples were spiked at different concentrations and analyzed after different storage conditions. Results suggested that dithianon is not stable in water stored at -20°C at neutral or basic pH, but the addition of acetic acid to pH = 3.5 increases its stability to at least two weeks.

AB - An automated online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (SPE-LC/MS) method was developed for the quantification of dithianon in surface water samples, using warfarin as internal standard. The method was developed on a liquid chromatography (LC) system with Flexible Cube interfaced to a quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometer. A small volume of acidified water (1 mL) was spiked with internal standard, pre-concentrated online on polymeric cartridges and analyzed by full-scan MS in high-resolution conditions. The quantitative data were obtained by [M]-• of dithianon and [M - H]- of warfarin, used as internal standard. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column with a gradient mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0.05% acetic acid. The method was validated to measure concentrations of dithianon in the range of 0.010-4 μg L-1 in surface water samples. Twenty real water samples, collected from Torrente Novella, Val di Non (TN, Northern Italy), during fungicide treatments of large apple orchards, were analyzed. All samples were kept in glass bottles and stored in the lab at -20°C until analysis. It was found that in all samples dithianon was undetectable: if it is present, its concentration was lower than the limit of detection (LOD) (0.008 μg L-1). To investigate the stability of dithianon, a series of water samples were spiked at different concentrations and analyzed after different storage conditions. Results suggested that dithianon is not stable in water stored at -20°C at neutral or basic pH, but the addition of acetic acid to pH = 3.5 increases its stability to at least two weeks.

KW - Dithianon

KW - LC/MS

KW - Online SPE

KW - Q-TOF

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84996644443&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84996644443&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1255/ejms.1447

DO - 10.1255/ejms.1447

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84996644443

VL - 22

SP - 261

EP - 267

JO - European Journal of Mass Spectrometry

JF - European Journal of Mass Spectrometry

SN - 1469-0667

IS - 5

ER -