Automated pose estimation captures key aspects of General Movements at eight to 17 weeks from conventional videos

Viviana Marchi, Anna Hakala, Andrew Knight, Federica D'Acunto, Maria Luisa Scattoni, Andrea Guzzetta, Sampsa Vanhatalo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: General movement assessment requires substantial expertise for accurate visual interpretation. Our aim was to evaluate an automated pose estimation method, using conventional video records, to see if it could capture infant movements using objective biomarkers. Methods: We selected archived videos from 21 infants aged eight to 17 weeks who had taken part in studies at the IRCCS Fondazione Stella Maris (Italy), from 2011 to 2017. Of these, 14 presented with typical low-risk movements, while seven presented with atypical movements and were later diagnosed with cerebral palsy. Skeleton videos were produced using a computational pose estimation model adapted for infants and these were blindly assessed to see whether they contained the information needed for classification by human experts. Movements of skeletal key points were analysed using kinematic metrics to provide a biomarker to distinguish between groups. Results: The visual assessments of the skeleton videos were very accurate, with Cohen's K of 0.90 when compared with the classification of conventional videos. Quantitative analysis showed that arm movements were more variable in infants with typical movements. Conclusion: It was possible to extract automated estimation of movement patterns from conventional video records and convert them to skeleton footage. This could allow quantitative analysis of existing footage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1817-1824
Number of pages8
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume108
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Automatic pose estimation
  • Cerebral palsy
  • General movements
  • Infants
  • Spontaneous motor activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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