Automatic adaptive system dialysis for hemodialysis-associated hypotension and intolerance: A noncontrolled multicenter trial

Luigi Col, Gaetano La Manna, Giorgia Comai, Mauro Ursino, Davide Ricci, Matteo Piccari, Francesco Locatelli, Salvatore Di Filippo, Luciano Cristinelli, Massimo Bacchi, Alessandro Balducci, Filippo Aucella, Vincenzo Panichi, Francesco Paolo Ferrandello, Renzo Tarchini, Domenica Lambertini, Carlo Mura, Giancarlo Marinangeli, Ermanno Di Loreto, Francesco QuarelloGiacomo Forneris, Maurizio Tancredi, Massimo Morosetti, Giuditta Palombo, Marina Di Luca, Mauro Martello, Giuseppe Emiliani, Roberto Bellazzi, Sergio Stefoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Hemodialysis is complicated by a high incidence of intradialytic hypotension and disequilibrium symptoms caused by hypovolemia and a decrease in extracellular osmolarity. Automatic adaptive system dialysis (AASD) is a proprietary dialysis system that provides automated elaboration of dialysate and ultrafiltration profiles based on the prescribed decrease in body weight and sodium content. Study Design: A noncontrolled (single arm), multicenter, prospective, clinical trial. Setting & Participants: 55 patients with intradialytic hypotension or disequilibrium syndrome in 15 dialysis units were studied over a 1-month interval using standard treatment (642 sessions) followed by 6 months using AASD (2,376 sessions). Intervention: AASD (bicarbonate dialysis with dialysate sodium concentration and ultrafiltration rate profiles determined by the automated procedure). Outcomes: Primary and major secondary outcomes were the frequency of intradialytic hypotension and symptoms (hypotensive events, headache, nausea, vomiting, and cramps), respectively. Results: More stable intradialytic systolic and diastolic blood pressures with lower heart rate were found using AASD compared with standard treatment. Sessions complicated by hypotension decreased from 58.7% ± 7.3% to 0.9% ± 0.6% (P <0.001). The incidence of other disequilibrium syndrome symptoms was lower in patients receiving AASD. There were no differences in end-session body weight, interdialytic weight gain, or presession natremia between the standard and AASD treatment periods. Limitations: A noncontrolled (single arm) study, no crossover from AASD to standard treatment. Conclusions: This study shows the long-term clinical efficacy of AASD for intradialytic hypotension and disequilibrium symptoms in a large number of patients and dialysis sessions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011


  • Hemodialysis
  • hypotension
  • profiler
  • sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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