Autonomic cardiovascular function and baroreflex sensitivity in patients with cervical dystonia receiving treatment with botulinum toxin type A

D. Tiple, S. Strano, C. Colosimo, G. Fabbrini, G. Calcagnini, M. Prencipe, A. Berardelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate possible changes in autonomic cardiovascular regulation and cardiopulmonary baroreflex sensitivity in patients with primary cervical dystonia receiving chronic treatment with botulinum toxin type A. Methods: Short-term power spectral analysis of heart rate and systolic blood pressure variability, high-frequency and low-frequency oscillations of heart rate variability, low frequency/high frequency ratio and baroreflex sensitivity (α index) were measured in 12 patients with cervical dystonia before and 2-4 weeks after botulinum toxin type A injection and compared with normative data. Results: Before treatment, at rest, patients had significantly lower high frequency power than healthy subjects (p <0.01), whereas no differences were found in low frequency power. Botulinum toxin injection in patients induced no changes in either power frequency. In patients before treatment and healthy subjects the low frequency oscillatory components increased similarly from rest to tilt (p <0.01), but tilt induced lower low frequency values in patients than in healthy subjects (p <0.01). In patients before treatment, the high frequency variations from rest to tilt remained unchanged, whereas in healthy subjects they decreased significantly (p <0.01). Botulinum toxin type A injection in patients induced no changes in low frequency or high frequency powers. In patients before treatment the low frequency/high frequency ratio increased slightly from rest to tilt, but in healthy subjects increased significantly (p <0.01). Botulinum toxin type A left the pretreatment low frequency/high frequency ratio unchanged. The α-index measured at rest in patients before treatment was lower than in healthy subjects (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-847
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurology
Volume255
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Autonomic cardiovascular function
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Cardiovascular reflex tests
  • Cervical dystonia
  • Spectral analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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