Patients with idiopatic Parkinson's disease (IPD) often show signs and symptoms of autonomic involvement, related to the disease itself or to its progression. The more frequently disturbances reported are connected with loss of extrapyramidal motor control, i.e. dysphagia, gastric emptying and the most common constipation. They concern about 73% of the patients. A high frequency of urinary symptoms, ranging from 37% to 71%, is also reported in IPD, in particular detrusor hyperreflexia causing urgency, frequency of micturing or urgency incontinence. Another autonomic groups of symptoms are related to the failure of cardiopressor adaptability which involve 15% of the subjects and are more typical of late onset cases or forms bordering with the Multiple System Atrophy, finally resulting in orthostatic hypotension (OH).
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Neural Transmission, Supplement|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
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