Autophagy in prostate cancer and androgen suppression therapy

Elio Ziparo, Simonetta Petrungaro, Elettra Sara Marini, Donatella Starace, Silvia Conti, Antonio Facchiano, Antonio Filippini, Claudia Giampietri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of autophagy is known to be highly complex and context-dependent, leading to both cancer suppression and progression in several tumors including melanoma, breast and prostate cancer. In the present review, recent advances in an understanding of the involvement of autophagy in prostate cancer treatment are described. The regulatory effects of androgens on prostate cancer cell autophagy are particularly discussed in order to highlight the effects of autophagy modulation during androgen deprivation. A critical evaluation of the studies examined in the present review suggests the attractive possibility of autophagy inhibition combined with hormonal therapy as a promising approach for prostate cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12090-12106
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Androgen deprivation therapy
  • Apoptosis
  • Autophagy
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Medicine(all)

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