Autosomal dominant thrombocytopenias with reduced expression of glycoprotein Ia

Patrizia Noris, Gianni F. Guidetti, Valeria Conti, Iride F. Ceresa, Michele Di Dumpo, Alessandro Pecci, Mauro Torti, Anna Savoia, Carlo L. Balduini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have recently studied a case series of 46 unrelated patients with inherited thrombocytopenias and identified 18 cases that did not fit any known platelet disorder. In two unrelated families, a mild thrombocytopenia with normal platelet size was transmitted in an autosomal dominant fashion. Bleeding time was prolonged in 5 investigated patients. In all of them, flow cytometry and SDS-PAGE of platelet glycoproteins (GP) showed a reduced content of GPIa, a subunit of the GPIa-IIa complex (also known as integrin α2β 1) that is a major collagen receptor on platelets. All other membrane GPs were within the normal range. GPIa deficiency was associated with severely reduced in vitro platelet adhesion to molecules known to interact selectively with GPIa. In vitro platelet aggregation was normal in all subjects, except for a suboptimal platelet response to fibrillar collagen in two patients. A mild defect of α-granules was observed in all affected subjects. No mutation was identified in the genes encoding for GPIa or GPIIa. Since no other similar cases have been reported in the literature, we suggest that an autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia associated with GPIa deficiency and α-granule defect represents a new form of inherited thrombocytopenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-489
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006

Keywords

  • Collagen receptor
  • Glycoprotein Ia
  • Inherited thrombocytopenia
  • Integrin α2β

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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