Average current is better than peak current as therapeutic dosage for biphasic waveforms in a ventricular fibrillation pig model of cardiac arrest

Bihua Chen, Tao Yu, Giuseppe Ristagno, Weilun Quan, Yongqin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Defibrillation current has been shown to be a clinically more relevant dosing unit than energy. However, the effects of average and peak current in determining shock outcome are still undetermined. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between average current, peak current and defibrillation success when different biphasic waveforms were employed. Methods: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was electrically induced in 22 domestic male pigs. Animals were then randomized to receive defibrillation using one of two different biphasic waveforms. A grouped up-and-down defibrillation threshold-testing protocol was used to maintain the average success rate of 50% in the neighborhood. In 14 animals (Study A), defibrillations were accomplished with either biphasic truncated exponential (BTE) or rectilinear biphasic waveforms. In eight animals (Study B), shocks were delivered using two BTE waveforms that had identical peak current but different waveform durations. Results: Both average and peak currents were associated with defibrillation success when BTE and rectilinear waveforms were investigated. However, when pathway impedance was less than 90. Ω for the BTE waveform, bivariate correlation coefficient was 0.36 (. p=. 0.001) for the average current, but only 0.21 (. p=. 0.06) for the peak current in Study A. In Study B, a high defibrillation success (67.9% vs. 38.8%, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1399-1404
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume85
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Average current
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Peak current
  • Shock success
  • Ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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