"avoiding or approaching eyes"? Introversion/extraversion affects the gaze-cueing effect

Marta Ponari, Luigi Trojano, Dario Grossi, Massimiliano Conson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We investigated whether the extra-/introversion personality dimension can influence processing of others' eye gaze direction and emotional facial expression during a target detection task. On the basis of previous evidence showing that self-reported trait anxiety can affect gaze-cueing with emotional faces, we also verified whether trait anxiety can modulate the influence of intro-/extraversion on behavioral performance. Fearful, happy, angry or neutral faces, with either direct or averted gaze, were presented before the target appeared in spatial locations congruent or incongruent with stimuli's eye gaze direction. Results showed a significant influence of intra-/extraversion dimension on gaze-cueing effect for angry, happy, and neutral faces with averted gaze. Introverts did not show the gaze congruency effect when viewing angry expressions, but did so with happy and neutral faces; extraverts showed the opposite pattern. Importantly, the influence of intro-/extraversion on gaze-cueing was not mediated by trait anxiety. These findings demonstrated that personality differences can shape processing of interactions between relevant social signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-299
Number of pages7
JournalCognitive Processing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


  • Attention
  • Emotional facial expressions
  • Gaze-cueing
  • Introversion and extraversion
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Artificial Intelligence


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