Awareness and knowledge of human papillomavirus-related diseases are still dramatically insufficient in the era of high-coverage vaccination programs

Paolo Capogrosso, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Rayan Matloob, Michele Colicchia, Alessandro Serino, Giulia Castagna, Maria Chiara Clementi, Giovanni La Croce, Umberto Capitanio, Giorgio Gandaglia, Rocco Damiano, Vincenzo Mirone, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Assess knowledge and awareness concerning human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, HPV-associated diseases, and the existence of a specific vaccine among non-HPV-screened Caucasian-European adults after the market introduction of HPV vaccines. Methods: A cohort of 934 consecutive patients seeking their first medical help for uroandrologic purposes anonymously completed a 17-item questionnaire related to HPV. Data were compared with those of an age-comparable cohort of nurses (controls; n = 172). Results: Knowledge and awareness of HPV infection were reported in 564 (51 %) and 735 (66.5 %) participants, respectively. Overall, 51.3 % participants were informed that HPV is sexually transmitted, but most reported not being aware that HPV infection can be associated with anogenital warts (61.7 %), female genitalia (46.6 %), penile (58.5 %), and oropharyngeal cancer (79.7 %). Only 36.5 % of the participants were informed regarding the existence of a specific vaccine. HPV knowledge was retrieved through the media and/or the Internet, at school, doctors, and relatives or friends in 395 (35.7 %), 155 (14 %), 97 (8.8 %), and 88 (8.0 %) participants, respectively. Multivariable analyses showed that female gender [odds ratio (OR) 3.08; p 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-880
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 22 2015

Keywords

  • Anogenital warts
  • Awareness
  • Cancer
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Infertile couple
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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