AXIAL ROTATION VITRECTOMY: Back to the Future? the Fluidics of a Prototype Vitreous Cutter Probe

Tommaso Rossi, Giorgio Querzoli, Giampiero Angelini, Carlo Malvasi, Alessandro Rossi, Mario Morini, Mario Iossa, Guido Ripandelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To characterize the fluidics of axial rotating vitreous cutter probe (RT) compared with the standard guillotine (regular blade), when tested in Balanced Salt Solution (Alcon Laboratories, Forth Worth, TX).

METHODS: RT and regular blade (RB) cutter probes connected to the same vitrectomy console used a peristaltic pump. The authors measured instantaneous flow through aspiration tubing proximal to the handpiece, fluid velocity, and acceleration at the port by means of particle image velocimetry.

RESULTS: Average flow at aspiration tubing of RT and RB did not vary significantly. Regular blade probes produced higher instantaneous flow fluctuation than RT at any considered cut rate (RB 1,600 6.4 ± 5.3 mL/minute; RB 3,000 11.8 ± 6.3 mL/minute; RT 1,600 0.9 ± 0.7 mL/minute, and RT 3,000 1.8 ± 0.8 mL/minute, respectively. P < 0.001 in all cases). Regular blade also yield significantly higher fluid velocity at cutter port compared with RT (RB 1,600 85.8 ± 70.1 mm/second; RB 3,000 81.6 ± 66.4 mm/second; RT 1,600 71.9 ± 40.3 mm/second; and RT 3,000 32.9 ± 20.8 mm/second. P < 0.001 in all cases). Fluid acceleration at the cutter port was higher when the RB was used (RB 1,600 26.85 ± 30.18 mm/second; RB 3,000 33.76 ± 34.09 mm/second; RT 1,600 24.01 ± 21.94 mm/second; and RT 3,000 16.62 ± 17.87 mm/second. P < 0.001 in all cases).

CONCLUSION: RT blade design causes less instantaneous flow fluctuation within the aspiration tubing, and also lower fluid velocity and lower acceleration at the cutter port. Fluidics suggests a safer cutting action and a reduced risk of retinal incarceration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1252-9
Number of pages8
JournalRetina
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Acetates
  • Drug Combinations
  • Humans
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Minerals
  • Rheology
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Vitrectomy
  • Vitreous Body
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article

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  • Cite this

    Rossi, T., Querzoli, G., Angelini, G., Malvasi, C., Rossi, A., Morini, M., Iossa, M., & Ripandelli, G. (2016). AXIAL ROTATION VITRECTOMY: Back to the Future? the Fluidics of a Prototype Vitreous Cutter Probe. Retina, 36(7), 1252-9. https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0000000000000896