B-Type Natriuretic peptide and risk of acute kidney injury in patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndromes

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES:: To investigate whether admission B-type natriuretic peptide levels predict the development of acute kidney injury in acute coronary syndromes. DESIGN:: Prospective study. SETTING:: Single-center study, 13-bed intensive cardiac care unit at a University Cardiological Center. PATIENTS:: Six-hundred thirty-nine acute coronary syndromes patients undergoing emergency and urgent percutaneous coronary intervention. INTERVENTIONS:: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS.: We measured B-type natriuretic peptide at hospital admission in acute coronary syndromes patients (55% ST-elevation myocardial infarction and 45% non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction). Acute kidney injury was classified according to the Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria: stage 1 was defined as a serum creatinine increase greater than or equal to 0.3 mg/dL from baseline; stage 2 as a serum creatinine increase greater than two-to three-fold from baseline; stage 3 as a serum creatinine increase greater than three-fold from baseline, or greater than or equal to 4.0 mg/dL with an acute increase greater than 0.5 mg/dL, or need for renal replacement therapy. Acute kidney injury was developed in 85 patients (13%) and had a higher in-hospital mortality than patients without acute kidney injury (14% vs 1%; p <0.001). B-type natriuretic peptide levels were higher in acute kidney injury patients than in those without acute kidney injury (264 [112-957] vs 98 [44-271] pg/mL; p <0.001) and showed a significant gradient according to acute kidney injury severity (224 [96-660] pg/mL in stage 1 and 939 [124-1,650] pg/mL in stage 2-3 acute kidney injury; p <0.001). The risk of developing acute kidney injury increased in parallel with B-type natriuretic peptide quartiles (5%, 9%, 15%, and 24%, respectively; p <0.001). When B-type natriuretic peptide was evaluated, in terms of capacity to predict acute kidney injury, the area under the curve was 0.702 (95% CI, 0.642-0.762). CONCLUSIONS:: In patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndromes, B-type natriuretic peptide levels measured at admission are associated with acute kidney injury as well as its severity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-624
Number of pages6
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndromes
  • acute kidney injury
  • B-type natriuretic peptide
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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