Background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a dynamic process, which varies among women and within the same woman over time due to different factors. BPE has profound implications for women with or at risk of breast cancer. Breast radiologist should be aware of factors that could potentially influence BPE and have to be familiar with its typical appearance. Marked BPE could indeed affect the diagnostic accuracy of breast MRI, but this shortcoming can be minimized through evaluation by dedicated radiologists, in order to correctly interpret and properly manage the additional findings. BPE shows promise as an imaging biomarker but many issues need to be addressed before it can be used either to determine screening strategy or the value of risk-reducing interventions. This review analyzes the clinical influence of BPE on breast MRI interpretation, breast cancer staging and surgical outcome and discusses current available evidences about BPE as an imaging biomarker.
- Background parenchymal enhancement
- Breast cancer
- Imaging biomarker
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging