Bacterial colonization of the implant-Abutment interface of conical connection with an internal octagon: An in vitro study using real-Time PCR

A. Baj, G. A. Beltramini, A. Bolzoni, F. Cura, A. Palmieri, A. Scarano, L. Ottria, A. B. Gianni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bacterial leakage at the implant-Abutment connection of a two-piece implant system is considered the main cause of peri-implantitis. Prevention of bacterial leakage at the implant-Abutment connection is mandatory for reducing inflammation process around implant neck and achieving bone stability. Micro-cavities at implant-Abutment connection level can favour bacterial leakage, even in modern two-piece implant systems. The conical connection with an internal octagon (CCIO) is considered to be more stable mechanically, and allows a more tight link between implant and abutment. As P. gingivalis and T. forsythia penetration might have clinical relevance, it was the purpose of this investigation to evaluate molecular leakage of these two bacteria in a new two-implant system with an internal conical implant-Abutment connection with internal octagon (Shiner XT, FMD Falappa Medical Devices S.p.A. Rome, Italy). To verify the ability of the implant in protecting the internal space from the external environment, the passage of genetically modified Escherichia coli across implant-Abutment interface was evaluated. Four Shiner XT implants (FMD, Falappa Medical Devices®, Rome, Italy) were immerged in a bacterial culture for 24 h and bacteria amount was measured inside implant-Abutment interface with Real-Time PCR. Bacteria were detected inside all studied implants, with a median percentage of 6% for P. gingivalis and 5% for T. forsythia. Other comparable studies about the tightness of the tested implant system reported similar results. The gap size at the implant-Abutment connection of CCIOs was measured by other authors discovering a gap size of 1-2μm of the AstraTech system and of 4μm for the Ankylos system. Bacterial leakage along implant-Abutment connection of cylindrical and tapered implants, Shiner XT, (FMD Falappa Medical Devices S.p.A. Rome, Italy) showed better results compared to other implants. Additional studies are needed to explore the relationship in terms of microbiota of the CCIO. In addition, the dynamics of internal colonization needs to be thoroughly documented in longitudinal in vivo studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume31
Issue number2, Supplement 1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Bacterial leakage
  • Conical connection
  • Implant-Abutment connection
  • Internal octagon
  • Perimplantitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Physiology
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research

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