Bacterial infection in patients with advanced cirrhosis: A multicentre prospective study

M. Borzio, F. Salerno, L. Piantoni, M. Cazzaniga, P. Angeli, F. Bissoli, S. Boccia, G. Colloredo-Mels, P. Corigliano, G. Fornaciari, G. Marenco, R. Pistarà, M. Salvagnini, A. Sangiovanni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims. To evaluate the prevalence, incidence and clinical relevance of bacterial infection in predominantly non-alcoholic cirrhotic patients hospitalised for decompensation. Patients/Methods. A total of 405 consecutive admissions in 361 patients (249 males and 112 females; 66 Child-Pugh class B and 295 class C) were analysed. Blood, urine, ascitic and pleural fluid cultures were performed within the first 24 hours, during hospitalisation whenever infection was suspected, and again before discharge. Results. Over a one year period, 150 (34%) bacterial infections (89 community- and 61 hospital-acquired) involving urinary tract (41%), ascites (23%), blood (21%) and respiratory tract (17%) were diagnosed. The prevalence of bacterial peritonitis was 12%. Infections were asymptomatic in 69 cases (46%) and 130 (87%) involved a single site. Enteric flora accounted for 62% of infections, Escherichia Coli being the most frequent pathogen (25%). Community-acquired infections were associated with more advanced liver disease (Child-Pugh mean score 10.2±2.1 versus 9,5±1.9, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume33
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Bacterial infections
  • Cirrhosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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