BAG3 protein is overexpressed in human glioblastoma and is a potential target for therapy

Michelina Festa, Luis Del Valle, Kamel Khalili, Renato Franco, Giosuè Scognamiglio, Vincenzo Graziano, Vincenzo De Laurenzi, Maria Caterina Turco, Alessandra Rosati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Glioblastoma multiforme, which represents 80% of malignant gliomas, is characterized by aggressiveness and high recurrence rates. Despite therapeutic advances, patients with glioblastoma multiforme show a poor survival, and identification of novel markers and molecular targets for therapy is needed. A role for BAG3, a member of the BAG family of HSC/HSP70 co-chaperones, in promoting tumor cell growth in vivo has recently been described. We analyzed BAG3 levels by IHC in specimens from patients affected by brain tumors and we found that BAG3, although negative in normal brain tissues, was highly expressed in astrocytic tumors and increasingly expressed in more aggressive types of cancer; it was particularly high in glioblastomas. Down-regulating BAG3 both in vitro and in vivo in a rat glioblastoma model resulted in increased sensitivity to apoptosis, suggesting that BAG3 is a potential target for novel therapies. Finally, we determined that the underlying molecular mechanism requires the formation of a complex of BAG3, HSP70, and BAX that prevents BAX translocation to mitochondria, thus protecting tumor cells from apoptosis. Our data identify BAG3 as a potential marker of glial brain tumor sensitivity to therapy and thus also an attractive candidate for new molecular therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2504-2512
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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