Balance in subjects with congenital or early onset strabismus: Influence of age

Anna Dickmann, Enrica Di Sipio, Chiara Simbolotti, Antonio Agresta, Marco Germanotta, Costanza Tredici, Sergio Petroni, Luca Padua, Irene Giovanna Aprile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Few studies have investigated the relationship between strabismus and balance, and those that do exist focused on patients within a limited age range, while no studies on possible age-related changes have yet been conducted. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate whether the balance strategies adopted by patients with congenital or early onset strabismus change with age. Forty strabismic patients and 36 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. Both patients and healthy subjects were divided into three subgroups according to age (children, adolescents, and adults) and underwent a stabilometric evaluation. When we compared the whole group of strabismic patients with the group of healthy subjects, we found that the center of pressure area and the trunk oscillations in the former were significantly different from those in the latter; when we considered the three age groups separately, only values in children with strabismus were different from those in the age-matched control group of healthy subjects. Strabismus was found to affect balance in children by inducing a postural strategy characterized by a reduction in physiological trunk oscillations. Gaining a better insight into postural control in strabismic subjects and its evolution with age may be crucial to improving rehabilitation in such patients and planning tailored rehabilitation treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Publication statusPublished - Jun 3 2016


  • Age-related changes
  • Balance
  • Center of pressure
  • Rehabilitation
  • Strabismus
  • Trunk oscillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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