Baroreflex responsiveness in borderline hypertensives: A study with neostigmine

B. Trimarco, M. Volpe, B. Ricciardelli, C. Vigorito, L. Sacca, F. Rengo, M. Condorelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The baroflex response to changes in transmural pressure throughout the arterial tree or limited to the carotid sinus was evaluated in ten borderline hypertensives. Baroreceptor sensitivity was tested by evaluating both heart rate response to phenylephrine-induced increase in arterial pressure and heart rate and blood pressure changes induced by increased neck tissue pressure by mean of a neck chamber. The heart rate response to phenylephrine (evaluated by the regression of the R-R interval versus the systolic blood pressure) was depressed both in borderline and established hypertensives as compared with controls. Similarly, the heart rate and the pressor response to increased neck tissue pressure was depressed in both groups of hypertensives. In borderline, but not in established hypertensives, neostigmine administration improved consistently the pressor baroreflex response to increased neck tissue pressure and the heart rate reflex response to both the employed stimuli. These findings indicate that a reduced parasympathetic activity is one of the components involved in the altered baroreflex sensitivity in borderline hypertensives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-442
Number of pages7
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume15
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

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