Bartholow, Sciamanna, Alberti: Pioneers in the electrical stimulation of the exposed human cerebral cortex

Stefano Zago, Roberta Ferrucci, Felipe Fregni, Alberto Priori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although the past 25 years have witnessed increasing interest in human brain stimulation, its historical development is marked by phases of fascination and obscurity. Its history dates back to the 19th century when the first reports describing application of an electric current to an isolated point on the exposed brain made brain stimulation a major neuroscientific novelty of the time. In this article, the authors present and discuss a number of early experiments involving electrical stimulation of the exposed human brain. In this important, albeit unexplored, historical chapter of brain stimulation, the 3 investigators, Bartholow, Sciamanna, and Alberti, were the first to reproduce findings in animals with electrical brain stimulation in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-528
Number of pages8
JournalNeuroscientist
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • History of neurosciences
  • Human brain stimulation
  • Neurophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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