Baseline and ongoing PET-derived factors predict detrimental effect or potential utility of 18F-FDG PET/CT (FDG-PET/CT) performed for surveillance in asymptomatic lymphoma patients in first remission

Silvia Morbelli, Selene Capitanio, Fabrizio De Carli, Francesca Bongioanni, Enrico De Astis, Maurizio Miglino, Maria Teresa Verardi, Ambra Buschiazzo, Francesco Fiz, Cecilia Marini, Elena Pomposelli, Gianmario Sambuceti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To identify both clinical and FDG PET/CT-derived factors predicting the occurrence of relapse, or conversely, the likelihood of false positive findings in surveillance FDG-PET/CT studies (PETsv). Methods: The study included 149 asymptomatic patients with Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) (n = 55) or diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (n = 94) in first remission. PETSv studies were performed 12, 18, 24 and 36 months thereafter. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify clinical and imaging-derived predictors of either PET-detected relapse or false-positive (FP) results. Tested clinical variables were: 1) age, 2) HL vs. DLBCL, 3) stage of disease, 4) bulky disease, 5) previous radiotherapy. PET/CT-derived variables were: 1) maximum standardized uptake value at baseline, 2) size-incorporated maximum standardized uptake value (SIMaxSUV) at baseline, 3) positive interim PET(PET-2), 4) presence of hot spots likely to be unrelated to the disease in final PET, 5) residual non-FDG avid mass. Results: Accuracy was 88 % for PETsv1, 95 % for PETsv2, 95 % for PETsv3 and 91 % for PETsv4. However, PPV was relatively low in all PETsv. Best predictors of relapse were result of interim PET, HL versus NHL type, SIMaxSUV, age ≥ 60. Best predictors of FP were previous radiotherapy and hot spots unrelated to the disease in final PET. Conclusions: The present study confirms the need of restricting the use of surveillance PET/CT to patients at high risk of relapse. Information derived from PET/CT performed at baseline (metabolic disease burden), in the course (PET2) and at the end of therapy (unrelated hot spots) can help to select high-risk patients and also to identify patients more likely to present equivocal findings at PETsv.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-239
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Interim PET
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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