Baseline NT-Pro-BNP levels and arrhythmia recurrence in outpatients undergoing elective cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation: A survival analysis

Tommaso Sanna, Andrea Sonaglioni, Maurizio Pieroni, Antonio Dello Russo, Gemma Pelargonio, Michela Casella, Evelina Zichichi, Giuseppe La Torre, Maria Lucia Narducci, Fulvio Bellocci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. Elective electrical cardioversion is often performed in patients with persistent AF to attempt sinus rhythm (SR) restoration. However, AF recurrences are frequent after successful cardioversion and several predictors have been identified. Aim of the study: The present study was designed to prospectively analyse the correlation between NT-pro-BNP levels and AF recurrence in consecutive patients referred for electrical cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation. Results: Forty consecutive patients referred for elective cardioversion of AF were enrolled in the study. Cardioversion restored sinus rhythm in 34/40 patients but 2 of them presented an early recurrence of AF before discharge. Patients were then followed for 6 months to assess AF recurrence. Cox regression analysis was performed using the parameters found predictive on univariate survival analysis (NT-pro-BNP quartiles, beta-blockers). The only independent predictor of AF recurrence on Cox-regression analysis was a level of NT-pro-BNP in the fourth quartile (HR 3.21 95%CI 1.26-8.14, p=0.014). On receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis, NT-pro-BNP levels above 1707 pg/ml had a specificity of 92% (and a sensitivity of 36%) in predicting atrial fibrillation recurrence by 6 months. Conclusions: Baseline NT-pro-BNP levels are an independent predictor of AF recurrence at 6 months follow-up in candidates for elective direct current cardioversion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalIndian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia recurrence
  • Cardioversion
  • NT-Pro-BNP
  • Persistent atrial fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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