Aim: To assess the predictors of the onset of impotence 1 year after radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Patients and methods: In a multi-centric prospective study, the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaire-based potency of 91 hormone-naïve and potent patients (IIEF1-5 > 11 before radiotherapy) was assessed. At the time of this analysis, information on potency 1 year after treatment was available for 62 of 91 patients (42 treated with hypofractionation: 2.35–2.65 Gy/fr, 70–74.2 Gy; 20 with conventional fractionation: 74–78 Gy). Prospectively collected individual information and Dmax/Dmeanto the penile bulb were available; the corresponding 2 Gy-equivalent values (EQD2_max/EQD2_mean) were also considered. Predictors of 1‑year impotency were assessed through uni- and multi-variable backward logistic regression: The best cut-off values discriminating between potent and impotent patients were assessed by ROC analyses. The discriminative power of the models and goodness-of-fit were measured by AUC analysis and the Hosmer–Lemeshow (H&L) test. Results: At 1‑year follow-up, 26 of 62 patients (42 %) became impotent. The only predictive variables were baseline IIEF1-5 values (best cut-off baseline IIEF1-5 ≥ 19), Dmax≥ 68.5 Gy and EQD2_max≥ 74.2 Gy. The risk of 1‑year impotence may be predicted by a two-variable model including baseline IIEF1-5 (OR: 0.80, p = 0.003) and EQD2_max≥ 74.2 Gy (OR: 4.1, p = 0.022). The AUC of the model was 0.77 (95% CI: 0.64–0.87, p = 0.0007, H&L: p = 0.62). The 1‑year risk of impotency after high-dose radiotherapy in potent men depends on the EQD2_maxto the penile bulb and on baseline IIEF1-5 values. Conclusion: A significant reduction in the risk may be expected mainly when sparing the bulb in patients with no/mild baseline impotency (IIEF1-5 > 17).
- Erectile dysfunction
- Predictive models
- Prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging