BAY 81-8973 demonstrated efficacy, safety and joint status improvement in patients with severe haemophilia A in the LEOPOLD I extension for ≤2 years

Johnny Mahlangu, Maria Fernanda Lopez Fernandez, Elena Santagostino, Shadan Lalezari, Despina Tseneklidou-Stoeter, Horst Beckmann, Nikki Church

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: BAY 81-8973 (Kovaltry®), a full-length, unmodified, recombinant human factor VIII, provided excellent bleeding control for patients with haemophilia A in the pivotal 1-year LEOPOLD I trial. The LEOPOLD I extension evaluated long-term efficacy and safety of BAY 81-8973 prophylaxis. Methods: After completing LEOPOLD I, patients continued receiving 20‒50 IU/kg BAY 81-8973 two- or three-times weekly in the extension. Outcomes included annualised bleeding rate (ABR) and haemostasis during surgery. Results: Fifty-five patients aged 12-65 years participated in the extension. Median (range) exposure days during the 2-year total study period was 309 (115-355). No patient switched regimens. Median (Q1; Q3) ABR for all bleeds was 2.0 (1.0; 6.1) during the pivotal study, 2.0 (0.0; 5.2) during the extension, and 2.0 (0.5; 5.5) combined. The proportion of joint bleeds affecting target joints decreased (pivotal study: 90.9%, extension: 60.0%). Haemostasis was assessed as excellent/good in all five major surgeries. One serious adverse event (myocardial infarction) occurred in a patient with cardiovascular risk factors. No patients developed inhibitors. Conclusions: BAY 81-8973 prophylaxis efficacy outcomes in the pivotal study were maintained or, in the case of joint protection, improved during the extension, with a safety and tolerability profile consistent with previous experience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-601
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Volume104
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • clinical trial
  • haemophilia A
  • intravenous infusions
  • recombinant factor VIII
  • recombinant proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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