BCI applications for people with disabilities: Defining user needs and user requirements

Claudia Zickler, Valentina Di Donna, Vera Kaiser, Abdul Al-Khodairy, Sonja Kleih, Andrea Kübler, Massimiliano Malavasi, Donatella Mattia, Simona Mongardi, Christa Neuper, Martin Rohm, Rüdiger Rupp, Pit Staiger-Sälzer, Evert Jan Hoogerwerf

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The EU-project "Tools for Brain-Computer Interaction" (TOBI) aims at developing practical technology for brain-computer interaction. To elucidate the most urgent needs and requirements of potential users, 77 persons with disabilities from Austria, Italy, and Germany were assessed with a newly developed questionnaire. Participants had a high degree of experience in using assistive technology (AT). Despite high satisfaction ratings with current AT solutions there was still a need for better or alternative AT solutions in the areas of manipulation, communication, computer access/entertainment, and environmental control. The results also confirm the relevance of the set of applications the TOBI project is pursuing to develop. Main end-user requirements of new AT were "functionality", "possibility of independent use", and "easiness of use".

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAssistive Technology Research Series
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Publication series

NameAssistive Technology Research Series
ISSN (Print)1383813X
ISSN (Electronic)18798071


  • assistive technology
  • BCI
  • user needs
  • user requirements
  • user satisfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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