BCI2000

A general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system

Gerwin Schalk, Dennis J. McFarland, Thilo Hinterberger, Niels Birbaumer, Jonathan R. Wolpaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1309 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many laboratories have begun to develop brain-computer interface (BCI) systems that provide communication and control capabilities to people with severe motor disabilities. Further progress and realization of practical applications depends on systematic evaluations and comparisons of different brain signals, recording methods, processing algorithms, output formats, and operating protocols. However, the typical BCI system is designed specifically for one particular BCI method and is, therefore, not suited to the systematic studies that are essential for continued progress. In response to this problem, we have developed a documented general-purpose BCI research and development platform called BCI2000. BCI2000 can incorporate alone or in combination any brain signals, signal processing methods, output devices, and operating protocols. This report is intended to describe investigators, biomedical engineers, and computer scientists the concepts that the BCI2000 system is based upon and gives examples of successful BCI implementations using this system. To date, we have used BCI2000 to create BCI systems for a variety of brain signals, processing methods, and applications. The data show that these systems function well in online operation and that BCI2000 satisfies the stringent real-time requirements of BCI systems. By substantially reducing labor and cost, BCI2000 facilitates the implementation of different BCI systems and other psychophysiological experiments. It is available with full documentation and free of charge for research or educational purposes is currently being used in a variety of studies by many research groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1034-1043
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Fingerprint

Brain computer interface
Brain
Signal processing
Personnel
Engineers
Communication
Processing

Keywords

  • Assistive devices
  • Augmentative communication
  • Brain-computer interface (BCI)
  • ECoG
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Psychophysiology
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Schalk, G., McFarland, D. J., Hinterberger, T., Birbaumer, N., & Wolpaw, J. R. (2004). BCI2000: A general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 51(6), 1034-1043. https://doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2004.827072

BCI2000 : A general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system. / Schalk, Gerwin; McFarland, Dennis J.; Hinterberger, Thilo; Birbaumer, Niels; Wolpaw, Jonathan R.

In: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 51, No. 6, 06.2004, p. 1034-1043.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schalk, G, McFarland, DJ, Hinterberger, T, Birbaumer, N & Wolpaw, JR 2004, 'BCI2000: A general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system', IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1034-1043. https://doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2004.827072
Schalk, Gerwin ; McFarland, Dennis J. ; Hinterberger, Thilo ; Birbaumer, Niels ; Wolpaw, Jonathan R. / BCI2000 : A general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system. In: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 2004 ; Vol. 51, No. 6. pp. 1034-1043.
@article{7dc4b991f8594e43a50838ec69c688e6,
title = "BCI2000: A general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system",
abstract = "Many laboratories have begun to develop brain-computer interface (BCI) systems that provide communication and control capabilities to people with severe motor disabilities. Further progress and realization of practical applications depends on systematic evaluations and comparisons of different brain signals, recording methods, processing algorithms, output formats, and operating protocols. However, the typical BCI system is designed specifically for one particular BCI method and is, therefore, not suited to the systematic studies that are essential for continued progress. In response to this problem, we have developed a documented general-purpose BCI research and development platform called BCI2000. BCI2000 can incorporate alone or in combination any brain signals, signal processing methods, output devices, and operating protocols. This report is intended to describe investigators, biomedical engineers, and computer scientists the concepts that the BCI2000 system is based upon and gives examples of successful BCI implementations using this system. To date, we have used BCI2000 to create BCI systems for a variety of brain signals, processing methods, and applications. The data show that these systems function well in online operation and that BCI2000 satisfies the stringent real-time requirements of BCI systems. By substantially reducing labor and cost, BCI2000 facilitates the implementation of different BCI systems and other psychophysiological experiments. It is available with full documentation and free of charge for research or educational purposes is currently being used in a variety of studies by many research groups.",
keywords = "Assistive devices, Augmentative communication, Brain-computer interface (BCI), ECoG, Electroencephalography (EEG), Psychophysiology, Rehabilitation",
author = "Gerwin Schalk and McFarland, {Dennis J.} and Thilo Hinterberger and Niels Birbaumer and Wolpaw, {Jonathan R.}",
year = "2004",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1109/TBME.2004.827072",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "1034--1043",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering",
issn = "0018-9294",
publisher = "IEEE Computer Society",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - BCI2000

T2 - A general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system

AU - Schalk, Gerwin

AU - McFarland, Dennis J.

AU - Hinterberger, Thilo

AU - Birbaumer, Niels

AU - Wolpaw, Jonathan R.

PY - 2004/6

Y1 - 2004/6

N2 - Many laboratories have begun to develop brain-computer interface (BCI) systems that provide communication and control capabilities to people with severe motor disabilities. Further progress and realization of practical applications depends on systematic evaluations and comparisons of different brain signals, recording methods, processing algorithms, output formats, and operating protocols. However, the typical BCI system is designed specifically for one particular BCI method and is, therefore, not suited to the systematic studies that are essential for continued progress. In response to this problem, we have developed a documented general-purpose BCI research and development platform called BCI2000. BCI2000 can incorporate alone or in combination any brain signals, signal processing methods, output devices, and operating protocols. This report is intended to describe investigators, biomedical engineers, and computer scientists the concepts that the BCI2000 system is based upon and gives examples of successful BCI implementations using this system. To date, we have used BCI2000 to create BCI systems for a variety of brain signals, processing methods, and applications. The data show that these systems function well in online operation and that BCI2000 satisfies the stringent real-time requirements of BCI systems. By substantially reducing labor and cost, BCI2000 facilitates the implementation of different BCI systems and other psychophysiological experiments. It is available with full documentation and free of charge for research or educational purposes is currently being used in a variety of studies by many research groups.

AB - Many laboratories have begun to develop brain-computer interface (BCI) systems that provide communication and control capabilities to people with severe motor disabilities. Further progress and realization of practical applications depends on systematic evaluations and comparisons of different brain signals, recording methods, processing algorithms, output formats, and operating protocols. However, the typical BCI system is designed specifically for one particular BCI method and is, therefore, not suited to the systematic studies that are essential for continued progress. In response to this problem, we have developed a documented general-purpose BCI research and development platform called BCI2000. BCI2000 can incorporate alone or in combination any brain signals, signal processing methods, output devices, and operating protocols. This report is intended to describe investigators, biomedical engineers, and computer scientists the concepts that the BCI2000 system is based upon and gives examples of successful BCI implementations using this system. To date, we have used BCI2000 to create BCI systems for a variety of brain signals, processing methods, and applications. The data show that these systems function well in online operation and that BCI2000 satisfies the stringent real-time requirements of BCI systems. By substantially reducing labor and cost, BCI2000 facilitates the implementation of different BCI systems and other psychophysiological experiments. It is available with full documentation and free of charge for research or educational purposes is currently being used in a variety of studies by many research groups.

KW - Assistive devices

KW - Augmentative communication

KW - Brain-computer interface (BCI)

KW - ECoG

KW - Electroencephalography (EEG)

KW - Psychophysiology

KW - Rehabilitation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2442715236&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2442715236&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TBME.2004.827072

DO - 10.1109/TBME.2004.827072

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 1034

EP - 1043

JO - IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering

JF - IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering

SN - 0018-9294

IS - 6

ER -