BCL-6 protein expression in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas: Inverse relationship with Epstein-Barr virus-encoded latent membrane protein- 1 expression

Antonino Carbone, Gianluca Gaidano, Annunziata Gloghini, Cristina Pastore, Giuseppe Saglio, Umberto Tirelli, Riccardo Dalla-Favera, Brunangelo Falini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating the expression of the BCL-6 protein in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (AIDS-NHLs) and at comparing the expression pattern with the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection of the tumor clone. A total of 34 AIDS- NHL biopsies, including 16 AIDS-related diffuse large-cell lymphomas (AIDS- DLCLs) and 18 AIDS-related small-noncleaved-cell lymphomas (AIDS-SNCCLs) as well as 7 AIDS-SNCCL cell lines were immunostained with a BCL-6-specific monoclonal antibody. Expression of BCL-6 protein was detected in 9 of 16 AIDS-DLCLs, 18 of 18 AIDS-SNCCLs, and 3 of 7 AIDS- SNCCL cell lines. Expression of BCL-6 among AIDS-NHLs occurred independently of the presence of molecular lesions of the bcl-6 gene. Notably, among EBV-positive AIDS-NHL biopsies and cell lines, expression of BCL-6 was mutually exclusive with the expression of EBV-encoded transforming antigen latent membrane protein-1. The mutual exclusion between BCL-6 and latent membrane protein-1 expression was further confirmed by in vitro superinfection experiments of an AIDS-SNCCL cell line originally devoid of EBV sequences. Overall, the frequent association between AIDS-NHLs and expression of BCL-6, a protein selectively expressed by germinal center B cells, suggests that these lymphomas may originate from the germinal center.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-165
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume150
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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