Bearing surfaces in primary total hip arthroplasty

Luigi Zagra, Enrico Gallazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is widely considered one of the most successful surgical procedures in orthopaedics. It is associated with high satisfaction rates and significant improvements in quality of life following surgery. On the other hand, the main cause of late revision is osteolysis and wear, often a result of failure of bearing surfaces. Currently, several options are available to the surgeon when choosing the bearing surface in THA (ceramic-onceramic (CoC), ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoPE), metalon- polyethylene (MoPE)), each with advantages and drawbacks. Very few studies have directly compared the various combinations of bearings at long-term follow-up. Randomized controlled trials show similar short- to mid-term survivorship among the best performing bearing surfaces (CoC, CoXLPE and MoXLPE). Selection of the bearing surface is often 'experience-based' rather than 'evidence-based'. The aim of this paper is therefore to evaluate the main advantages and drawbacks of various types of tribology in THA, while providing practical suggestions for the surgeon on the most suitable bearing surface option for each patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalEFORT Open Reviews
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Bearings
  • Ceramic
  • Hip
  • Metal-on-metal
  • Polyethylene
  • Total hip arthroplasty
  • Tribology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

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