We have reported that serum level of soluble HLA-A, -B, -C (sHLA-A,-B,-C) antigens is elevated in HIV-infected subjects and decreases after antiretroviral therapy (HAART). In this study, we measured the levels of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) antigens in a cohort of HIV-infected patients before and during HAART. sHLA-G and sHLA-A, -B, -C levels were significantly elevated in HIV-infected subjects as compared with controls before antiretroviral treatment and significantly decreased after 36 months of HAART. sHLA-G levels were correlated with sHLA-A, -B, -C levels, the decrease of plasma HIV-RNA level, the increase of CD4+ T-lymphocyte number and the decrease of CD8+ T-lymphocyte number. These results suggest that the measurement of sHLA-G and sHLA-A, -B, -C antigen serum levels might represent a useful surrogate marker to monitor virological response and immune reconstitution in HIV-positive subjects undergoing HAART treatment.
- Soluble HLA class I molecules
- Soluble HLA-G molecules
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy