Behavioral and emotional problems among Italian children and adolescents aged 4 to 18 years as reported by parents and teachers

Alessandra Frigerio, Carmen Cattaneo, MariaGiulia Cataldo, Alessia Schiatti, Massimo Molteni, Marco Battaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aims of this study were the Italian standardization of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL/4-18) and the Teacher's Report Form (TRF), the analysis of the internal consistency of the two instruments, and the evaluation of the agreement between parents' and teachers' ratings. A group of 1423 parents and 1464 teachers of children and adolescents aged 4 to 18 years, from three different provinces of Northern Italy, were randomly recruited. Boys scored higher than girls on the Externalizing scales on both CBCL and TRF, while there were no significant differences between the two sexes on the Internalizing scales. In general, internalizing problems increased with age, whereas externalizing behaviors decreased, mainly through a reduction of aggressive problems in older subjects. For most scales, low socioeconomic status was associated with high problem scores. Most scales of the CBCL and the TRF showed a satisfactory internal consistency, with higher a coefficients for overt behaviors. A low - to - moderate parents' and teachers' agreement was found, with the higher correlation found for the Attention Problems scale. Overall, the figures of this first standardization are in line with the results of most studies carried out in Western and Eastern countries, evidencing a good applicability of Achenbach's instruments in Italy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-133
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • CBCL
  • Italy
  • Standardization
  • TRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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