Bendamustine in combination with rituximab for elderly patients with previously untreated B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A retrospective analysis of real-life practice in Italian hematology departments

Luca Laurenti, Idanna Innocenti, Francesco Autore, Barbara Vannata, Dimitar G. Efremov, Stefania Ciolli, Giovanni Del Poeta, Francesca Romana Mauro, Agostino Cortelezzi, Paola Anticoli Borza, Francesco Ghio, Patrizia Mondello, Roberta Murru, Alessandro Gozzetti, Maria Rosa Lanza Cariccio, Nicola Piccirillo, Riccardo Boncompagni, Maria Cantonetti, Maria Ilaria Del Principe, Gianluigi RedaVelia Bongarzoni, Giulia Cervetti, Vincenzo Pitini, Robin Foà, Simona Sica, Giovanni D'Arena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The front-line therapy for CLL young and fit patients is chemo-immunotherapy with fludarabine-cyclophosphamide-rituximab (FCR). FCR regimen results in a significant myelosuppression and high rates of early and late infections especially in elderly patients. German CLL study group compared FCR vs. bendamustine-rituximab (BR) in fit untreated patients. The response rates with BR or FCR were comparable, BR could be an alternative 1st-line treatment for elderly patients.Here we report retrospective data of 70 elderly (≥65 years) CLL patients from 12 Italian centers treated with BR as front-line therapy. The primary end points were overall response rate (complete remission/partial remission) and safety.Forty-seven males and 23 females, with a median age of 72 years, were included in the study. Eight patients were unfit for CIRS. The OR rate was 88.6% (31.4% CR and 57.2% PR). Progression free survival, treatment free survival and overall survival rates at 2-years were 79%, 90.3% and 89.6%, respectively. Only del17 was independent unfavorable parameter on the response rate and PFS. Our results indicate that BR front-line at standard dose provides a high response rate with a good safety profile, even if more than 50% of patients experienced a bendamustine dose reduction until 70mg/m2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1066-1070
Number of pages5
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bendamustine
  • CLL
  • Elderly patients
  • First-line treatment
  • Rituximab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Laurenti, L., Innocenti, I., Autore, F., Vannata, B., Efremov, D. G., Ciolli, S., Del Poeta, G., Mauro, F. R., Cortelezzi, A., Borza, P. A., Ghio, F., Mondello, P., Murru, R., Gozzetti, A., Cariccio, M. R. L., Piccirillo, N., Boncompagni, R., Cantonetti, M., Principe, M. I. D., ... D'Arena, G. (2015). Bendamustine in combination with rituximab for elderly patients with previously untreated B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A retrospective analysis of real-life practice in Italian hematology departments. Leukemia Research, 39(10), 1066-1070. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2015.07.009