Inflammatory bowel disease is associated with inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, oxidative and nitrosative stress, and leukocyte infiltration in the colon. Here, we investigate the effects of the selective iNOS-inhibitor (S)-2-amino-(1-iminoethylamino)-5-thiopentanoic acid (GW274150) on the development of experimental colitis induced by dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid. When compared to dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-treated mice, GW274150 (5 mg/kg i.p.)-treated mice subjected to dinitrobenzene sulfonic ACID-induced colitis experienced a significantly lower rate of the extent and severity of the histological signs of colon injury. Dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-treated mice experienced hemorrhagic diarrhoea and weight loss. At 4 days after the administration of dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid, the mucosa of the colon exhibited large areas of necrosis. Immunohistochemistry for nitrotyrosine and poly (ADP-ribose) (PAR) showed an intense staining in the inflamed colon. Treatment of dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-treated mice with GW274150 significantly reduced the degree of hemorrhagic diarrhoea and weight loss caused by administration of dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid. GW274150 also caused a substantial reduction of (i) the degree of colon injury, (ii) the rise in myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity (mucosa), (iii) the increase in staining (immunohistochemistry) for nitrotyrosine, as well as (iv) PARP activation caused by dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid in the colon. Thus, GW274150 treatment reduced the degree of colitis caused by dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid. We propose that selective inhibition of iNOS activity with GW274150 may be useful in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Nitric oxide synthase
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience