Beneficial effects of peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst in a rat model of splanchnic artery occlusion and reperfusion

Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Thomas P. Misko, Giuseppina Costantino, Emanuela Mazzon, Antonio Micali, Achille P. Caputi, Heather Macarthur, Daniela Salvemini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of the peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(2,4,6-trimethyl- 3,5-disulfonatophenyl)-porphyrinato iron (III) (FeTMPS) in a model of splanchnic artery occlusion shock (SAO). SAO shock was induced in rats by clamping both the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac trunk for 45 min, followed by release of the clamp (reperfusion). At 60 min after reperfusion, animals were killed for histological examination and biochemical studies. There was a marked increase in the oxidation of dihydrorhodamine 123 to rhodamine (a marker of peroxynitrite-induced oxidative processes) in the plasma of the SAO-shocked rats after reperfusion, but not during ischemia alone. Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated a marked increase in the immunoreactivity to nitrotyrosine, an index of nitrogen species such as peroxynitrite, in the necrotic ileum in shocked rats. SAO-shocked rats developed a significant increase of tissue myeloperoxidase and malon-aldehyde activity, and marked histological injury to the distal ileum. SAO shock was also associated with a significant mortality (0% survival at 2 h after reperfusion). Reperfused ileum tissue sections from SAO-shocked rats showed positive staining for P-selectin localized mainly in the vascular endothelial cells. Ileum tissue sections obtained from SAO-shocked rats and stained with antibody to ICAM-1 showed a diffuse staining. Administration of FeTMPS significantly reduced ischemia/reperfusion injury in the bowel, and reduced lipid and the production of peroxynitrite during reperfusion. Treatment with PN catalyst also markedly reduced the intensity and degree of P-selectin and ICAM-1 staining in tissue sections from SAO-shocked rats and improved survival. Our results clearly demonstrate that peroxynitrite decomposition catalysts exert a protective effect in SAO and that this effect may be due to inhibition of the expression of adhesion molecules and the tissue damage associated with peroxynitrite-related pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1061-1072
Number of pages12
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Cytokine
  • Nitrate
  • Polymorphonuclear leukocyte
  • SAO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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