Benefit of continuous treatment for responders with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in the randomized FIRST trial

N. J. Bahlis, A. Corso, L. O. Mugge, Z. X. Shen, P. Desjardins, A. M. Stoppa, O. Decaux, T. De Revel, M. Granell, G. Marit, H. Nahi, H. Demuynck, S. Y. Huang, S. Basu, T. H. Guthrie, A. Ervin-Haynes, J. Marek, G. Chen, T. Facon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The phase 3, randomized Frontline Investigation of Revlimid and Dexamethasone Versus Standard Thalidomide (FIRST) trial investigating lenalidomide plus low-dose dexamethasone until disease progression (Rd continuous) vs melphalan, prednisone and thalidomide for 12 cycles (MPT) and Rd for 18 cycles (Rd18) in transplant-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) showed that Rd continuous prolonged progression-free survival and overall survival compared with MPT. A subanalysis of the FIRST trial was conducted to determine the benefits of Rd continuous in patients with NDMM based on depth of response. Patients randomized 1:1:1 to Rd continuous, Rd18 or MPT were divided into subgroups based on best response: complete response (CR; n=290), ≥ very good partial response (VGPR; n=679), ≥ partial response (PR; n=1 225) or ≤ stable disease (n=299). Over 13% of patients receiving Rd continuous who achieved ≥ VGPR as best response did so beyond 18 months of treatment. Rd continuous reduced the risk of progression or death by 67%, 51% and 35% vs MPT in patients with CR, ≥ VGPR and ≥ PR, respectively. Similarly, Rd continuous reduced the risk of progression or death by 61%, 54% and 38% vs Rd18 in patients with CR, ≥ VGPR and ≥ PR, respectively. In patients with CR, ≥ VGPR or ≥ PR, 4-year survival rates in the Rd continuous arm (81.1%, 73.1% or 64.6%, respectively) were higher vs MPT (70.8%, 59.8% or 57.2%, respectively) and similar vs Rd18 (76.5%, 67.7% and 62.5%, respectively). Rd continuous improved efficacy outcomes in all responding patients, including those with CR, compared with fixed duration treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2435-2442
Number of pages8
JournalLeukemia
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cancer Research
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Bahlis, N. J., Corso, A., Mugge, L. O., Shen, Z. X., Desjardins, P., Stoppa, A. M., Decaux, O., De Revel, T., Granell, M., Marit, G., Nahi, H., Demuynck, H., Huang, S. Y., Basu, S., Guthrie, T. H., Ervin-Haynes, A., Marek, J., Chen, G., & Facon, T. (2017). Benefit of continuous treatment for responders with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in the randomized FIRST trial. Leukemia, 31(11), 2435-2442. https://doi.org/10.1038/leu.2017.111