Benefits and hazards of electromagnetic waves, telecommunication, physical and biomedical

A review

S. Batool, A. Bibi, F. Frezza, F. Mangini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to review the current literature on electromagnetic radiation (EMR): physical, biophysical, and telecommunication. The widespread application of EMR in modern technologies requires telecommunication and healthcare professionals to possess some knowledge of its physical and biological properties. In this review article, we will discuss biophysical principles of EMR, its interactions with living organisms and its application in clinical practices. We will discuss here beneficial as well as hazardous effects of EMR. We will also discuss the safety guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3121-3128
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Electromagnetic Radiation
Telecommunications
Guidelines
Technology
Delivery of Health Care
Safety

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Computer
  • Electromagnetic radiation
  • FM towers
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Microwave
  • Mobile phone
  • Wi-Fi
  • X-ray computed tomography (CT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Benefits and hazards of electromagnetic waves, telecommunication, physical and biomedical : A review. / Batool, S.; Bibi, A.; Frezza, F.; Mangini, F.

In: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, Vol. 23, No. 7, 01.01.2019, p. 3121-3128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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